Hazrath Peer Ghousi Shah


Ghousi ShahFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Alhaj Moulana Peer Ghousi Shah(Persian/Urduحضرت مولانا غوثى شاه ) (July 1893 – June 1954) was a renowned Muslim Sufi, saint, scholar, writer and poet from the Indian subcontinent; whose poetry in Urdu andPersian is considered to be among the greatest of the modern era. Tayyabat-E-Ghousi is considered one of the famous poetric book in tasawwuf which has a collection of poems - HamdNaat, Manqabath, Rubaiyat . He was the most famous disciple and successor of Syed Kamalullah Shah also known as Machiliwale Shah who in turn became the spiritual master of India’s noted Sufi saints.[1] He was born on 1 July 1893 A.D. in Hyderabad corresponding to 16th zil haj 1310 hejiri.[2][3]

Biography

He was twenty when his father passed away in the year 1913. Ghousi Shah studied under Maulana Hameedullah. He learnt Urdu, Arabic, Persian: Fiqh, Hadith, Tafseer. He also learnt calligraphy. Ghousi Shah embodied in his person, all the elements of Akhlakhe Muhammadi – the character of the Islamic prophet Mohammed. Ghousi Shah Saheb was a total transparent person. His surrender to God was total. As an orator, he left a deep, intimate impact upon his listeners. He would stir their hearts by his powerful words. As an interpreter of wahdatul wujoodhe was unique. He was a great Khateeb – an orator who left a great impact upon the audience.[3]Masnavi Maulana Rum in an extremely impressive manner and he was a great interpreter ofarabi. He would baffle us by his simple interpretation of the complex problems of Sufism. He would build a healthy rapport with his students.[2]

[edit]Spiritual History

His father, Alhaj Kareemullah Shah, brought him up and intiated him in Tasawwuf. He developed love for Allah after the initiation. This love grew into great passion and ishq, after he met Hazrath Machiliwale Shah. He took Baiyat under him and was awarded khilafath instantly. It was a turning point in his life. Syed Kamalullah Shah(Machiliwale Shah) a businessman from Mysore, surrendered himself to Syed Sultan Mahmoodullah Shah Hussaini, when he first met him in Secunderabad. The meeting transformed him totally. He was initiated in the order. Ghousi Shah was a one-year child, when Syed Sultan Mahmoodullah Shah Hussaini died.[1]

Title

  • Kanzul Irfan[2][1][3]
  • Abul Eeqan[2]
  • Shaikh Akber Thani[2][1][3]
  • Qutub-e-Deccan[1]

    Influence

    • Maulana Abdus Samad: A student of Deoband commenting about his scholarship has said “I have not seen a greater interpreter of Masnavi Maulana Rum than Ghousi Shah.
    • Allama seemab Akabarabadi: He once wrote “how I only wish I had seen him from a distance”.
    • Maulana Maudoodi: Maulana Maudoodi was all praise for his learning when he had a detailed meeting with him in the company of Nisar Yar Jung.
    • Allama Ashraf Ali Thanvi: Allama Ashraf Ali Thanvi paid rich tributes for his interpretation of the problem of determinism.
    • Hazrath Syed Abdullah Shah: Hazrath Syed Abdullah Shah on his death said “once I went to listen to Hazrath Ghousi Shah Saheb’s sermon. He explained the intricacies of Tawheed quite coherently. Only a man of his calibre could do it. One has to wait for ages to expect such persons of distinction. Hazrath is no more. We must make the best use of the presence of Hazrath Sahvi Shah, his successor – a boon for all of us.
    • Nawaab Liaqat Jung: Nawaab Liaqat Jung while lauding the efforts of the Namaz committee in propagating the movement of namaaz said “in fact, a movement of this type was founded by Hazrath Ghousi Shah, who organized a huge movement to inculcate religious values”.
    • Hazrath Syed Badshah Hussaini Quadri: Hazrath Syed Badshah Hussaini Quadri also paid rich tributes to the personality of Ghousi Shah. Hazrath Ghousi Shah has dedicated his life to propagate Islam, Iman (faith), Tawheed (faith in the unity of God), Piety and Ihsan. His books are alive, his teachings are alive. He is thus alive. It is just a question of paying attention to his books to reap the benefits.[2]

    [edit]Disciples

    Approximately 10 thousand people were his disciples through all over India.[2] In the disciples many followers were educated. His disciples have spread his teachings throughout India and abroad.[2]

    [edit]Khulafa

    1. Maulana Bareeq Shah
    2. Maulana Hakeem
    3. Abdul Hameed Shah
    4. Syed Khasim Shah
    5. Abdul Basith Shah(Bellary)
    6. Maulana Abdul Ghani Saheb
    7. Syed Wajid Ali Shah
    8. Faqeer Mohammed Shah
    9. Dr Ghulam Dastageer Rasheed Ph.D
    10. Shaik Mohammed Shah
    11. Moulana Shah Husamuddin Quadri (Karda,Mumbai)
    12. Maulana Sheikh Mohiuddin Hilal Akbari
    13. Ghouse Khan
    14. Galeb Saheb
    15. Janab Ahmed Mohiuddin Noori Shah
    16. Abdul Quddoos, Waheedullah Shah
    17. Naser Ali Shah(London
    18. Hakeekm Shah Maqdoom Ashraf(Chennai)
    19. Maulana Ghaffar Shah
    20. Abdur Rasheed.[1][3]

    [edit]Books

    • Kanze Maktoom (Sharha Mathnawi Bahrul Uloom)[1]
    • Majoone Mohammadi [3]
    • Jawahere Ghousi [3]
    • Maqsad-E-Bayet: Hazrath Ghousi Shah discusses about bayet – taking a spiritual pledge. He discusses about the purpose, virtues, necessity, kinds of bayet.[2][1][3]
    • Tayyebat-E-Ghousi: A collection of poems-Hamd, Naat, Manqabath, Rubaiyat. There are thumris-thumri on the Prophet and Meraj.[2][1][3]
    • Noor-Un-Noor: A book on the interpretation of Wahadatul Wujood.[2][1]
    • Kalima-E-Tayaba: The book discusses the significance of Kalim-E-Tyebba – the bedrock of Islam. The book also discusses about awareness of self, awareness of God, revelation, Prophethood etc.,.[2][1]
    • Falahe Muslims [3]
    • Maeete Elah [1]

      Death

      Ghousi Shah Saheb died on 4th Shawwal, 1373 hejire corresponding to Sunday, 6 June 1954 A.D in Hyderabad. He was buried in his father mosque Masjid-E-Kareemullah Shah, 15-6-341, Begum bazaar, Hyderabad, India.[1]

      [edit]Urs

      His annual Urs is organized by his present successor Moulana Ghousavi Shah on 4th Shawwal every year. Moulana Ghousavi Shah (Secretary General: The Conference of World Religions and President: All India Muslim Conference) [1][3][4] and other religious scholars presides the function every year. The Urs celebrations will end with sama (Qawwali Programme) at Baith-Un-Noor, Hyderabad. People from all corners of country irrespective of cast and creed comes to attend this occasion every year.[1]